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THE 6 LEVELS OF THE COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK OF REFERENCE FOR LANGUAGES
Abasic user
A1. Beginner level
A1

You must reach this level if your goal is to understand simple questions and the words you might hear or say in a familiar environment.

  • Understand (Listen): The person can understand familiar words and very common expressions about himself, his family and his immediate environment.
  • Understand (Read): The person can understand familiar names and words in simple sentences.
  • Talking (Have a conversation): The person can communicate in a simple way provided that other people are willing to repeat or rephrase their sentences.
  • Speaking (speak continually): The person can use simple phrases and sentences to describe his environment.
  • Write: The person can write a simple postcard or fill out a form.
A2. Elementary level
A2

You must reach this level if you want to be able to briefly describe your surroundings or your work and to be able to have simple conversations.

  • Understand (Listen): The person can understand expressions and has a restricted vocabulary that touches his or her immediate environment. The person can grasp the essence of announcements and simple messages.
  • Understand (Read): The person can read very simple short texts. The person can find useful information in everyday documents such as advertisements, flyers, menus and schedules.
  • Talking (Have a conversation): The person can communicate during simple and usual tasks. The person may have very brief exchanges, but the person does not understand enough to keep a conversation going.
  • Speaking (speak continually): The person can use a series of phrases to describe his immediate environment and his training.
  • Write: The person can write notes and short messages.
Bindependent user
B1. Intermediate level
B1

You must reach this level if your goal is to develop your autonomy and to be able to express your opinions.

  • Understanding (Listening): The person can understand the essential points when plain and standard language is used and if they are familiar topics. The person can understand most of the radio or television broadcasts if one speaks in a relatively slow way.
  • Understand (Reading): The person can understand texts related to his work. It can include a description of events and the expression of feelings.
  • Speaking (Having a conversation): Without being prepared, the person can take part in a conversation on familiar topics.
  • Speaking (continuously): The person can use expressions in a simple way to tell stories and describe events. The person can explain her point of view. The person can express her appreciation for a book or a movie.
  • Writing: The person can write simple and coherent text on familiar topics. The person can also write personal letters to describe experiences and impressions.
B2. Upper intermediate
B2

You must reach this level if your goal is to understand a wide variety of texts, to converse with ease, to give an opinion and to systematically support an argumentation.

  • Understand (Listen): The person can understand lectures and long speeches if the subject is relatively familiar. It can also include most news programs and most standard language movies.
  • Understand (Read): The person can read articles in which the authors adopt a certain point of view.
  • Speaking (Have a conversation): The person can communicate with a degree of spontaneity that makes possible interaction with a native speaker, but also participate in a clear conversation and defend his opinions.
  • Speaking (speak continually): The person can speak clearly and in detail about topics related to their interests.
  • Write: The person can write an essay or report by passing on information and stating the reasons for a given opinion.
Cproficient user
C1. Advanced level
C1

You must reach this level if your goal is to be able to demonstrate good command of the language by expressing yourself spontaneously and fluently.

  • Understand (Listen): The person can understand a long speech even if it is not clearly structured, as well as TV shows and movies without much effort.
  • Understand (Read): The person can understand long and complex literary texts, as well as specialized and technical articles, even when they are not related to his field.
  • Talking (Have a conversation): The person can express himself spontaneously without giving the impression of having to search his words too much. The person can also express her ideas and opinions with precision.
  • Speaking (Speak Continually): The person can present clear and detailed descriptions on complex topics, and use the language flexibly for both professional and social relationships.
  • Writing: The person can write a clear and structured text in which she develops her point of view. The person can also adopt a different style depending on the type of recipient.
C2. Proficiency level
C2

You must reach this level if your goal is to understand the language effortlessly and to be able to express yourself spontaneously.

  • Understand (Listen): The person has no problem understanding oral language, either in the media or with someone who speaks fast, provided they have had time to become familiar with a particular accent.
  • Understand (Read): The person can understand any type of complex text, be it a textbook, a specialized article or a literary work.
  • Speaking (Have a conversation): The person can participate effortlessly in any conversation and is comfortable with idiomatic expressions. It can also express itself with fine nuances of meaning and can be corrected quickly.
  • Speaking (speak continually): The person can present a clear and fluid argumentation in a context-appropriate style.
  • Writing: The person can write complex letters, reports or articles or even summarize and criticize in writing a literary work.
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